Airspace Integration and Traffic Management

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Safe integration of our flying cars transportation system into the skies over cities and suburbs requires proper sharing of airspace with other existing aircraft, low flying drones and also traffic management of our V200 flying cars. The Varon Vehicles transportation system will function within an established network of airspace volumes containing virtual lanes. These will connect vertiports that will be located considering the city’s mobility needs and available transportation intermodality alternatives for first and last mile coverage. The network is designed taking into account no-fly zones like airports and sensitive infrastructure, established low altitude aircraft routes, city topography, wind conditions, obstacles, mobility demand prediction and endurance of our flying cars. These airspace volumes, and the virtual lanes within them, will follow what we call Urban Geodesics, which are the shortest paths from one vertiport to the other when considering these factors. Each V200 driver is presented with a virtual lane on board the car corresponding to the route being covered, and this confines all the V200s in location and altitude. Virtual lanes indicate to the driver where to go during the trip, from automatic take-off at the vertiport of origin to automatic landing at the destination vertiport, in a safe and controlled manner.

It is necessary for our flying cars to be confined to airspace volumes separated from all other aircraft and drones. Since our flying cars will be flying at very low altitudes, mostly in class G airspace, it is necessary to integrate into UTM (unmanned aircraft system traffic management). UTM is an air traffic management ecosystem currently under development and being implemented in different countries, for controlled operations of unmanned aerial systems in the low altitude airspace. It is being discussed with local aeronautics authorities, who are in charge of managing UTM, to provide authorization for the reserved airspace volumes that make up our networks in which only our flying cars would be allowed to operate, being out of bound for other aircraft, unmanned aerial systems and commercial drones. Within them, 3D virtual lanes are designed, designated and managed for each V200 to transit in a safe manner.

All our flying cars traffic will be monitored, and virtual lanes orchestrated by ourselves or by a designated operator. This orchestration includes daily operation logistics such as multiple vertiport arrivals and departures, management of intersections in the network, assignment of virtual lane partitions for use by multiple V200 flying cars and direction changes depending on the city’s mobility demand at different times of day. It also includes contingency actions such as reorganization in case of an unforeseen event and opening of airspace volumes for access of airborne authorities, such as first responders, in case of any need in that location of the city or suburb. Both the driver and the monitoring station are alerted in case of a flying car’s departure from its assigned virtual lane, with the capability of automatic communication to the local air traffic control (ATC) for awareness and safety of all other nearby aircraft. Future capabilities may include action by the onboard flight computers to automatically prevent flying cars from departing their assigned virtual lanes (geofencing). This guarantees that all V200 flying cars traffic is organized and safely integrated into airspace. It allows our transportation operation to be carried out without any burden on ATC while maintaining their awareness in required cases and it ensures that driving the V200s is easy and intuitive.